Population

 

Summary vital statistics

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Population for the beginning of the year (thousands)

4 394.7

4 382.1

4 385.4

4 436.4

4 469.2

4 497.6

4 483.8

4 490.5 3 713.7 3 720.4 3 718.2
of which:
Urban (thousands)

2 308.9

2 303.8

2 309.1

2 350.5

2 371.3
2 391.7

2 410.8

2 411.7 2 122.9 2 128.5 2 128.6
Rural (thousands)

2 085.8

2 078.3

2 076.3

2 085.9

2 097.9 2 105.9

2 073.0

2 078.8 1 590.8 1 591.9 1 589.6
Live births

49 287

56 565

63 377

62 585
58 014 57 031

57 878

60 635

59 249 56 569
Deaths

41 178

43 011

46 625

47 864
49 818 49 348

48 553

49 087 49 121 50 771
of which:
Infant deaths

656

959

945

701
703
715

640

578 507 507
Natural increase

8 109

13 554

16 752

14 721
8 196 7 683

9 325

11 548 10 128 5 798
Stillbirths

632

660

484

653
563 664

567

640 589 558
Marriages

24 891

31 414

31 752

34 675
30 863 30 412

34 693

31 526 29 157 25 101
Divorces

2 325

3 189

4 030

4 726

5 850

7 136

8 089

9 119 9 112 9 539
Life expectancy at birth

75.1

74.2

73.6

74.4
74.5
74.7
75.2

72.9

72.9 72.7
Summary vital statistics (rates ‰)
Birth rate (per thousand population) 11.2 12.9 14.4 14.1 12.9 12.7 12.9 16.3 15.9 15.2
Mortality rate (per thousand population) 9.4 9.8 10.6 10.7 11.1 11.0 10.8 13.2 13.2 13.7
Infant mortality rate (per thousand live births) 13.3 17.0 14.9 11.2 12.1 12.5 11.1 9.5 8.6 9.0
Natural increase rate (per thousand population) 1.8 3.1 3.8 3.3 1.8 1.7 2.1 3.1 2.7 1.6
Stillbirth rate
12.7 11.5 7.6 10.3 9.6 11.5 9.7 10.4 9.8 9.8
Marriage rate (per thousand population) 5.7 7.2 7.2 7.8 6.9 6.8 7.7 8.5 7.8 6.7
Divorce rate (per thousand population) 0.5 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.6 1.8 2.4 2.5 2.6