2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Population as of 1 January, thousands 3 718.4 3 716.9 3 721.9 3 728.6 3 726.4 3 729.6 3 723.5
Live births, persons 49 657 60 635 59 249 56 569 53 293 51 138 ...
Deaths, persons 48 564 49 087 49 121 50 771 47 822 46 524 ...
Marriages, units 34 693 31 526 29 157 25 101 23 684 23 202 ...
Divorces, units 8 089 9 119 9 112 9 539 10 222 10 288 ...
Immigrants, persons 92 458 82 161 92 557 90 228 83 239 88 152 ...
Emigrants, persons 95 064 88 704 95 965 98 288 85 451 98 935 ...