2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Population as of 1 January, thousands 3 716.9 3 721.9 3 728.6 3 726.4 3 729.6 3 723.5 3 716.9 3 728.6 3 688.6
Live births, persons 60 635 59 249 56 569 53 293 51 138 48 296 46 520 45 946 ...
Deaths, persons 49 087 49 121 50 771 47 822 46 524 46 659 50 537 59 906 ...
Marriages, units 31 526 29 157 25 101 23 684 23 202 23 285 16 359 23 155 ...
Divorces, units 9 119 9 112 9 539 10 222 10 288 11 205 7 643 10 654 ...
Immigrants, persons 82 161 92 557 90 228 83 239 88 152 96 864 89 996 74 008 ...
Emigrants, persons 88 704 95 965 98 288 85 451 98 935 105 107 74 264 99 974 ...

Year